Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. Before you go ahead and start pouring, be sure that you’re doing it under the optimal weather conditions. Pouring Concrete over the Existing One. However, if the correct measures are taken, concrete can still be successfully placed during even the coldest months of the year… Proper planning and communication are keys to a successful winter pour. ph: 330-456-3415 | fax: 330-456-9638 It is true that concrete can be poured during cold weather. In most areas, summer can be the most demanding time of year to pour exterior concrete. Placement and Curing Practices: Hot-weather concreting practices are the norm in the summer months. Placement and Curing Practices: Cold-weather concreting practices are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. You can pour in cold weather, as long as certain precautions are taken. Spring is typically cool and short, and summers are hot and humid. Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. The humidity is low, and the days are warm with cool nights. The American Concrete Institute under ACI 306 defines that concrete … Climate (September - November): Fall provides the lowest humidity and most stable temperatures for pouring exterior concrete. Climate (October - November): Fall temperatures can still be quite hot. How long you have until you must take into account other considerations for concrete to self-bond; about two hours maximum. These storms tend to be more prevalent in early summer. Placement and Curing Practices: Hot-weather concreting practices are in effect well into the fall in most areas of the region. However, the use of curing compounds is still recommended, especially in the wind-prone coastal areas. Rain can become more frequent, but it is still considered part of the dry season. Climate (June - August): Warm days and cool nights are the norm for high-mountain summers. Precipitation ranges from 20 inches annually in the western states to 40 inches in the eastern and southern areas. Climate (December - February): Winters are mild. Rain is unpredictable and can occur at any time of the day in the summer. The use of plastic sheeting for rain protection is also common well into the fall. Climate (December - March): This region experiences long and cold winters. Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. Special Equipment: Reference high plains summer. Climate (April - May): Spring temperatures are cool and conditions can be wet. Exterior concrete work takes place year-round in the southern areas, but is uncommon in the northern areas of this region. Proper mix design, placement, and curing are crucial for long-term concrete durability. The Rocky Mountain area features extremes and rapid fluctuations of temperature, wind, and light intensity. Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. Climate (September - November): Fall typically experiences the most stable weather conditions of the year for pouring exterior concrete. Placement and Curing Practices: Reference both High Mountains Summer and Winter since this season can have elements of both climates. Air-entrainment admixtures should be mandatory in all exterior concrete placed in this region. Placement and Curing Practices: Cold-weather concreting practices are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. Most weather approaches from the west, with the occasional coastal "Noreaster" winter storm coming from the south, dropping heavy rain and snow on coastal regions. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the seasons, with snow falling in the winter and rain in the other seasons. Proper water content and finishing are critical for long-term durability. In the hottest western regions, most all concrete placement takes place before 10 a.m. On many larger projects, concrete is placed at night or during the early morning hours to avoid the extreme sun and heat of the day. Using hot water to increase concrete temperature is a common winter practice.Placement and Curing Practices: Cold-weather concreting practices are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. The farther south you go, the rarer frost and cold weather become. Placement and Curing Practices: Cold-weather concreting practices are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. Proper water content and finishing are critical for long-term durability. Spring and fall are short. Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. The high mountain regions have snow on the ground from October to June, while the more temperate valleys and plains typically do not retain snow very long after a snow event. Concrete can be poured even in cold Missouri weather, but the process is different than concrete being poured in warm weather. Mild temperatures are limited to within 10 miles of the coast, with all other regions experiencing hot to extremely hot conditions. Early winter storms may begin in the late fall. Special Equipment: Plastic sheeting to protect concrete from sudden rain showers; sprayers to apply curing compounds and surface evaporative control chemicals. Placement and Curing Practices: Windy conditions can be common in the spring in western portions of this region. Spring storms can be severe, with the threat of tornadoes in all areas. The major population centers that run along the coastal valleys rarely see snow, and the ground doesn't freeze until you reach the higher elevations. This is the dry season and conditions are most favorable during this time of year for exterior concrete work. Precipitation occurs during winter storms that occur from November to February, and "monsoon" season during July and August. Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Dakotas usually have snow on the ground for the entire winter. Regions of high elevation (above 7,000 feet), Copyright 1999-2021 ConcreteNetwork.com - None of this site may be reproduced without written permission. Placement and Curing Practices: Hot-weather concreting practices become more critical as the temperatures start to increase. Proper mix design, placement, and curing are crucial for long-term concrete durability. Mix Designs: Reference high plains summer. While all areas within this region experience snowfall, the amount and severity depend on elevation. R.G. There is a distinctive wet and dry season for most of this region. Temperatures range from 60 F to 80 F, with freezing temperatures very rare. Annual rainfall averages 40 to 60 inches. The spring and fall provide the most comfortable conditions, but are short in duration. To varying degrees, all areas have cold winters with snow, short springs, cool falls, and hot, humid summers. Climate Overview:The mid-south climate features humid, hot, long summers and cool winters, with only brief periods of cold weather. The use of curing compounds or cure-and-seal chemicals is highly recommended to minimize shrinkage cracking. Special Equipment: Sprayers to apply curing compounds and curing blankets for the rare late snow at higher elevations. Placement and Curing Practices: Windy conditions can be common in the spring in western portions of this region. Special Equipment: Plastic sheeting to protect concrete from sudden rain showers; sprayers to apply curing compounds and surface evaporative control chemicals; concrete pump to help speed concrete placement on larger jobs. Most exterior concrete work takes place during the summer in the high-mountain region. Mix Designs: When hot conditions do exist, hydration stabilizers, fly ash, and water reducers are common admixtures used in this region to extend working life without affecting performance. Extreme temperatures are rare. The use of fly ash is also common to help slow set time. Due to exposure of the hardened concrete to freeze-thaw conditions in winter, it is prone to spalling and scaling. concrete foundation installation and flatwork, Importance of Roof Vents at Commercial Properties, Here’s How You Can Keep Your Refractory Performing at a High Level, Tips for Choosing the Right Flooring Option For Your Industrial Plant, How Working With Design Build Contractors Benefits Industrial Businesses, Why Some Southern States Don’t Have Basements, Artists Express Themselves on Corrugated Sheet Metal Fences. Mix Designs: Cold-weather concrete mix designs are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. Proper planning and communication are keys to a successful winter pour. You can load walls right away but you can't load them laterally like backfilling. Concrete will shrink about 6 tenths of an inch per 100 feet on average, greater if the concrete is poured with a higher water cement ratio than .35 or .4 My guess from what you say … Using hot water to increase concrete temperature is a common winter practice. Special Equipment: Plastic sheeting; sprayers to apply curing compounds and surface evaporative control chemicals. In northern areas of the region, 4000-psi concrete is often specified and set accelerators and air entrainment may be used if necessary. Curing concrete in these regions usually requires the use of solvent-based curing compounds or cure-and-seal chemicals to avoid freezing. The ground does not typically freeze hard or deep in these regions. Mix Designs: Because of the warm year-round climate, most exterior concrete mix designs have compressive strengths of 3000 psi concrete and need little in the way of additional chemical set accelerators during the winter. Mix Designs: With the exception of the high deserts, this region does not see much in the way of harsh weather. With terrain in the mountain regions often playing a factor, pumping concrete becomes more common. Variations can be found within the region in the spring, as the coastal regions can be much milder than the higher northern mountains. Most precipitation will fall in this region during these few months. Morning placement of concrete is also common to avoid the heat of the day and afternoon thunderstorms. Placement and Curing Practices: Windy and wet conditions can be common. High-intensity sunshine with very low humidity is the norm. Exterior concrete pours should be planned for the morning, with rain protection mandatory after the job is complete. Due to exposure of the hardened concrete to freeze-thaw conditions in winter, it is prone to spalling and scaling. Gulf of Mexico moisture is a constant, leading to hot, humid summers and snowy overcast winters. This is the heart of hurricane season, so constant monitoring of the weather forecast is important since major storms can last for days and do major damage. Moderate to high humidity is normal, aiding placement and curing of exterior concrete. Placement and Curing Practices: Due to high winds, using surface evaporative retarders along with proper curing chemicals is recommended. Periodic rain is common, and can occur at any time of the day. Typically concrete joints should be cut in less than a day, but the specific timing depends on numerous factors, including local conditions, weather and concrete … Mix Designs: When hot conditions exist, hydration stabilizers, fly ash, and water reducers are common admixtures used to extend working life without affecting performance. Planning around rain is often necessary for exterior concrete pours. How to Protect Late Season Concrete Pours. Air-entrainment admixtures should be mandatory in all exterior concrete placed in this region. In most areas, all concrete placement is recommended to take place before 10 a.m. On many larger projects, concrete is placed at night or during the early morning hours to avoid the extreme heat of the day and to allow concrete to set before afternoon rains. Due to high freeze thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. In the hottest desert regions, most concrete placements take place before 10 a.m. On many larger projects, concrete is placed at night or during the early morning hours to avoid the extreme sun and heat of the day. Starting a foundation in the winter or spring is usually not a big deal as long as the footers are poured the day of or day after the hole is excavated. Like them? When hot, dry conditions exist, surface evaporative control agents should be available. Rainfall ranges from 24 inches in the western areas of central Texas to 40 to 50 inches in areas of Arkansas and Tennessee. Proper mix design, placement, and curing are crucial for long-term concrete durability. Plastic sheeting, surface evaporative control agents, and curing compounds should be available on all exterior pours in the spring. Additional travel time can affect concrete performance, especially in very cold temperatures. Most areas experience hot to extremely hot conditions. For more information on our concrete capabilities or any of our other services, call us today at our Canton office at 330-456-3415 or in Mansfield at 419-524-4778! Special Equipment: Since this region does not see the ground freeze or significant snowfall, there are no special equipment requirements when placing concrete in the winter, with the possible exception of curing blankets. Most exterior concrete work takes place during the summer in the high mountain region. Temperatures are still moderate, and exterior concrete work is preformed with little concern for extreme weather. Special Equipment: Plastic sheeting to protect concrete from sudden rain showers; sprayers to apply curing compounds and surface evaporative control chemicals; concrete pumps for rapid placement in hot conditions. The threat of snow and freezing temperatures is usually gone by mid-April, but rain is always a consideration. Placement and Curing Practices: Transitional placement and curing practices are the norm, as temperatures will dictate cold- or warm-weather practices. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Curing concrete in these regions usually requires the use of solvent-based cure or cure-and-seal chemicals to avoid freezing. Climate (October - November): Because fall temperatures can still be quite warm in this region, hot-weather concreting practices are still necessary until late into the season. So if it’s July and you’re having visions of a freshly poured driveway, you may want to wait a couple months for concrete-pouring primetime to come around. During the winter, exterior concrete work typically stops, with the exception of jobs that can afford tenting or other means of raising the ground and air temperatures above freezing. The use of curing compounds and cure-and-seal chemicals is not as common due to the natural high humidity. Day time temperatures are mild and range from 50 F to 70 F. The higher elevation areas of Northern Arizona and New Mexico can see periods of cold weather, but typically they do not last for more than a week, with abundant sun shine right behind. Proper mix design, placement, and curing are crucial for long term concrete durability. Canton Special Equipment: Sprayers to apply curing compounds and surface evaporative control agents; plastic sheeting for protection from rain. Late afternoon thunderstorms are common, so exterior concrete pours should be planned for the morning, with rain protection mandatory after the job is complete. Special Equipment: Since this region has mild winter temperatures, there are no special equipment requirements when placing concrete in the winter. With the exception of the high-mountain regions, exterior concrete work is preformed year-round with adjustments based on weather. Straight concrete mixes can also be used, as they tend to set faster than hybrid mixes. Precipitation is frequent, and can be heavy. Fall can provide some of the best weather for exterior concrete pours. It is always a good idea to have a surface evaporative control chemical on hand. Typically, after 24 hours the concrete has set enough that the rain will not harm the … The eastern areas are drier, and take on more of a high-desert climate. Guidelines for placing concrete by region and season throughout the U.S. Placement and Curing Practices: With the high humidity of this region, wet curing of concrete is common practice. Climate (December - March): Winters are mild throughout most of this region. Climate (June - August): Hot, humid summers are the norm for much of the Northeast. Taking the temperature of the concrete when it arrives at the jobsite is important to ensure it is not too cold and prone to freezing before curing.   High Mountains / High PlainsStates Included: Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Montana. These cures need to be applied as soon as possible after finishing is complete to aid in moisture retention. The biggest issue for exterior concrete pours in this region is moisture from rain, standing water, fog and mist. The threat of snow and freezing temperatures is usually gone by mid-April, but rain is always a consideration. The high plains regions will experience steady wind in spring and summer, with a high average of sunny days. Due to extensive freeze-thaw conditions, this region is prone to spalling and scaling concrete. Most precipitation that falls is snow. The primary considerations include blankets for heat retention, heating the mix water, and chemical set accelerators to speed the initial set of the concrete. Along with the hot weather come winds, especially in the more open spaces of the western states. Concrete can typically be placed at any time of the day, and cold weather protection may be needed at night later in the season. Because of typical deep snow cover, rocky soil, and sunny days, the ground only freezes to an average depth of a few inches in mountain regions. Standard concrete blankets may not be enough in high mountain regions to perform cold-weather concreting. The coastal regions enjoy moderate temperatures year-round. For the best results, you should enlist the services of a contractor such as R.G. However, these occurrences are usually short lived. Placement and Curing Practices: The high humidity in this region slows the hydration of concrete, which often minimizes the needs for external curing compounds. The wind can also play a factor because if it is too high on the day you’re pouring, it can cause too much water to evaporate from the concrete too quickly, leading to shrinkage cracks. You also might be able to do a concrete project during the summer, as the temperature … Proper water content and finishing are critical for long-term durability. The two major weather influences in the Pacific Northwest are the Pacific Ocean and the Cascade Mountains. Concrete set time at 70 degrees is approximately 5 hours, at 50 degrees it is 10 hours, at 30 degrees it’s up to 20 hours (if the concrete … Often winter transitions directly to summer. This requires the use of cold-weather concrete mix designs, with standard mixes having a minimum compressive strength of 4000 psi. Spring can happen suddenly, but so can a late spring snowfall. Placement and Curing Practices: Cold-weather concreting practices are mandatory for all exterior concrete placed in this region during the winter. All Rights Reserved. Exterior concrete is poured year-round with precautions. Air entrainment should be mandatory in all exterior concrete placed in this region. Timing is critical for saw-cut joints; cutting too soon spoils the concrete while cutting too late fails to fulfill the purpose. Straight cement mixes are also used to aid in a faster set time. Here’s the catch – if the existing surface is somewhat in a structurally sound shape and elevating its height to a few inches won’t be a problem, you can certainly freshen it up with a new layer of concrete. Daytime temperatures can be very warm, with late afternoon thunderstorms and some severe storms common. Mix Designs: This region does not see a hard freeze, but temperatures can fluctuate around the freezing point, causing freeze-thaw cycles to occur many times in a day. Cold temperatures typically do not become a factor until November. Along with the warmer weather comes blazing sunshine, dry winds, and low humidity. Climate (March - April): Spring brings increasing humidity and temperatures. The high plains are milder but windy, and the low-elevation river valley areas are milder and wetter. Climate (September - November): Fall temperatures are cool, with the least amount of rainfall. Mix Designs: Since all areas of this region see freeze-thaw conditions, air entrainment is common on all exterior concrete. The primary considerations include chemical set accelerators to help the concrete set faster and air-entrainment admixtures to help with freeze-thaw conditions. Extremely hot temperatures are rare. I recommend waiting to pour concrete driveways until the frost has left the ground which puts us will into May around Northern Michigan. Cold Weather Concrete Tips . Snow can start falling in late August or early September, so any exterior concrete work poured during this season should plan for sudden cold weather. The use of ice in mix water is also common to cool the concrete during mixing transport. The main thing is to keep the concrete from freezing. Beginning with site preparation, any snow, ice or standing water needs to be removed from the work area prior to pouring. Placement and Curing Practices: Traditional placement and curing practices are the norm, as temperatures will dictate cold- or warm-weather practices. High-intensity sunshine with very low humidity is the norm. States Included: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, West Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky. 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