—Any marriage between two Hindus solemnized after the commencement of this Act is void if at the date of such marriage either party had a husband or wife living; and the provisions of sections 494 and 495 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), shall apply accordingly. The limits of Supreme Court when it chases injustice, is the sky itself. There is NO bar in customary Hindu Law to a man entering second marriage. Article 136 is a special jurisdiction. Once First Schedule to the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 stands amended and offences punishable under Sections 494 and 495 IPC are made cognizable offences, those offences will have to be regarded as cognizable offences for all purposes of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 including for the Reportable, purpose of Section 198 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife: Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. However, the said petition was Reportable, withdrawn by the appellant and therefore the petition was dismissed by the High Court vide order dated 09.04.2005 reserving liberty to the appellant to file a fresh petition in case of necessity. A petition for declaring the second marriage as void can be filed by … No. The said petition was filed mainly on the ground that the proceedings against the appellant were registered for commission of above mentioned offences on the basis of charge sheet submitted by the Sub-Inspector of Police, Women Police Station, Amberpet, R.R. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. When no reconciliation takes place, the police registers an FIR under Section 498A. Clause (2) provides for curing of repugnancy which would otherwise invalidate a State law which is inconsistent with a Central law or an existing law. To the general rule laid down in Clause (1), Clause (2) engrafts an exception, viz., that if the President assents to a State Law which has been reserved for his consideration as required by Article 200, it will prevail notwithstanding its repugnancy to an earlier law of Union. This appeal by grant of Special Leave, questions the legality of Judgment dated 26.02.2010, rendered by Reportable. 2 and submitted charge sheet in the Court of learned Judicial Magistrate, First Class, Hyderabad, West and South Court, R.R.District at Kothapet, Sarunagar for commission of offences punishable under Sections 494, 495, 417, 420 and 498A IPC. 2426 of 2005. However, the customary law was codified by the enactment of the Hindu Marriage Act in 1956, which declared  a second marriage ‘void ‘during the subsistence of the first one. The appeal arises in the following circumstances:- The respondent no. In another case ,the supreme court also said Children born out of live-in are not illegitimate. trial. This is not a case in which the FIR is exclusively filed for commission of offences under Sections 494 and 495 IPC. What if the person hides the first marriage and contracts another one ? contract marriages ostensibly and cohabit with such woman, in the purported exercise of their role and status as "husband" is no ground to exclude them from the purview of Section 304B or 498A IPC, viewed in the context of the very object and aim of the legislations introducing those provisions." 17. When is Bigamy offence ? 19. If a complaint for the offence under Section 494 of IPC is lodged along with other cognizable offences before the police and if the police files a charge-sheet, the Court can take cognizance of the offence under Section 494 of IPC also along with other cognizable offences by virtue of Section 155(4) of Cr.P.C. appellant under Section 498A IPC, is hereby set aside and the complaint lodged by the respondent no. If not, there is no second marriage to begin with and so no second wife and so, no bigamy. The nomenclature dowry does not have any magic charm written over it. ( Log Out /  The learned Single Judge of the High Court could not have afforded to ignore the law declared by this Court in Reema Aggarwal (Supra) while considering the question whether proceedings initiated by the respondent no. The first marriage should be according to the law i.e, it should be legal; Second marriage should have taken place; The first marriage should be existing; The spouse must be alive; Both marriages should be valid; Classification of offence. Once, it is held that the offences under Section 494 and 495 IPC are cognizable offences, the bar imposed by operative part of sub-section 1 of Section 198 of the Criminal Procedure Code beginning with the words "No Court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under Chapter XX of the Indian Penal Code except upon a complaint made by some person aggrieved by the offence" gets lifted so far as offences punishable under Sections 494 and 495 IPC are concerned. Dr DY Chandrachud J., Offence of Bigamy under Section 494 IPC is gender neutral and women can also be liable. Having regard to the scope, purpose, context and object of enacting Section 494 IPC and also the prevailing practices in the society sought to be curbed by Section 494 IPC, there is no manner of doubt that the complainant should be an aggrieved person. The supreme court of India in Kushboo case virtually equated Live –in relationship to marital relationship. Thus there is no manner of doubt that Sections 494 and 495 IPC are cognizable offences so far as State of Andhra Pradesh is concerned. Having so concluded the Division Bench proceeded to quote part of the Judgment in Mavuri Rani Reportable. IPC Chapter XX; S. 494 Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife: Description; Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. 3. It is residuary power. Sub- Clause 2 of the said Article provides that notwithstanding anything in Clause (3), Parliament and subject to Clause (1), the legislature of any State also have power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List 3 in the Seventh Schedule, whereas, Clause (3) of Article 246 amongst other things provides that subject to Clauses (1) and (2), the legislature of any State has exclusive power to make laws for such State or any part thereof with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List 2 in the Seventh Schedule. Section 11 of the Act declares second marriage to be null and void. The High Court was thus clearly in error in quashing the charge under Section 494 I.P.C. Reportable, As those offences have been made cognizable offences in the State of Andhra Pradesh since 1992, the same will have to be dealt with as provided in the Section 156 which inter alia provides that any officer in charge of a Police Station, may without the order of a Magistrate, investigate any cognizable case which a Court having jurisdiction over the local area within the limits of such station would have power to enquire into or try under the provisions of Chapter XIII. 2 who is claiming to be second wife of the appellant herein and that too to the police and not in the Court, the proceedings initiated for alleged commission of those offences should have been quashed. Therefore, the wife with whom the subsequent marriage is contracted after concealment of former marriage, would also be entitled to lodge complaint for commission of offence punishable under Section 495 IPC. 2 for alleged commission of offence punishable under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code is not maintainable because she is not a wife, this Court feels that absence of challenge either by State or by the original complainant should not persuade or prevent this Court from doing justice between the parties by restoring the complaint filed by the respondent no. 11 (5) 1 under hindu marriage act. Section 494 is intended to achieve laudable object of monogamy. By the said Amending Act, the First Schedule to Central Act 2 of 1974 i.e. Such reasoning is quite contrary to the law declared by this Court in. 2 under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code. 2 is that when additional demand was not fulfilled the appellant had threatened her and her father again by saying that he would wipe out the evidence of his marriage with the complainant which had taken place at Yadagirigutta by destroying all the photographs and negatives and would walk Reportable. It would be appropriate to construe the expression husband to cover a person who enters into marital relationship and under the colour of such proclaimed or feigned status of husband subjects the, woman concerned to cruelty or coerces her in, legitimacy of the marriage itself for the limited purpose of Sections 498A and 304B IPC. Clause (2) comes into play only when (1) the two laws in question deal with a matter in Concurrent List (2) the State law has been made with the consent of the President and (3) the provision of law made by Parliament was earlier. Question: What is the procedure for filing an application under Section 156(3) of Criminal Procedure Code before the Magistrate to direct the police to conduct investigation in an offence under Section 420 IPC (Cheating case)? The High Court has completely misdirected itself in quashing the proceedings for the offence punishable under Section 498A of IPC. This object can be achieved only by expanding the meaning of the phrase "aggrieved person". Having noticed the agony, trauma etc. 2 in the present case was second wife and therefore prima facie marriage between appellant and the second respondent was void and therefore, offence under Section 498A IPC was not made out against the appellant. The clause provides that where the State law has been reserved for the consideration of the President and has received his assent, the State law would prevail in the particular State notwithstanding its repugnancy to a Central law or an existing law. It was also the case of the appellant that Section 417 IPC merged into offence under Section 495 IPC which is a graver offence than Section 417 and as there were no allegations Reportable. In case of an offence of bigamy provided under Section 494, IPC, not only the wife but her mother, father, sister, brother, daughter or son can also file a complaint on her behalf. The argument that the learned Magistrate could not have taken cognizance of offence punishable under Sections 494 and 495 IPC on the basis of the police report i.e. It enacts that neither party must have a spouse living at the time of marriage. As per section 468 CRPC, a complaint under section 498A IPC can be filed within 3 years of the alleged incident. You can file a case against your father under 494 anytime Also given that your mother was successful in re opening and dismissing the ex-parte divorce case, the courts will definitely take cognizance of offence from the date of dismissal of ex-parte decree. Part I of the First Schedule to the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 relating to offences under the Indian Penal Code inter alia mentions that Section 494 and 495 are non- cognizable. The Hindu Marriage Act applies to Hindus, Jains, Buddhists ,Sikhs,Parsis,Christians [except Muslims]. Law of inheritance would prejudicially operate against her. Before :- J.M. Panchal and H.L. This Court finds that the High Court has quashed the proceedings pending before the learned Magistrate under Section 498A of IPC on the spacious ground that the marriage of the appellant with the respondent no. 21. 18. Proofs required for lodging complaint in Bigamy. Can it be said that the legislature which was conscious, of the social stigma attached to children of void and voidable marriages closed its eyes to, the plight of a woman who unknowingly or unconscious of the legal consequences, entered into the marital relationship? Such hairsplitting, legalistic approach would encourage harassment to a woman over demand of, money. 2 is the original complainant. The complaint can also be filed by the person with whom second marriage takes place which is void by reason of its taking place during the life of first wife. Apart from this you may file a civil suit for defamation and … So, AFTER 1956, second marriages could be considered illegal. A question may arise as to Reportable. Nobody other than husband can file complaint for offence under Section … Section 494 in The Indian Penal Code 494. 2426 of 2005 by which the prayer made by the appellant, a Police Officer, to quash the proceeding in C.C. Referring to Section 198(1)(c) which inter alia provides that no Court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under Chapter XX of the Indian Penal Code except upon a complaint made by a person aggrieved, where the person Reportable. The law declared by this Court in case of Reema Aggarwal (Supra) was binding on all Court including the learned Single Judge of High Court of A.P. the other offences are non-cognizable" Here in this case in the charge sheet it is mentioned that the appellant has also committed offence punishable under Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code which is cognizable and therefore this is a case which relates to two or more offences of which at least one is cognizable and therefore the case must be deemed to be cognizable case notwithstanding that the other offences are non- cognizable. When the State Act prevails under Article 254(2) over a Central Act, the effect is merely to supersede the Central Act or to eclipse it by the State Act. is a good or option or we should go for section. The father of an aggrieved wife can also make a complaint under section 494/495 of the Indian Penal Code. (Crl.) Therefore, that part of the impugned judgment by which the complaint filed by the respondent no. Section 198(1)(c), after the Amendment made by the Code of Criminal Procedure(Andhra Pradesh Second Amendment) Act, 1992 cannot be interpreted in isolation without referring to the fact that offences under Sections 494 and 495 IPC have been made cognizable so far as the State of Andhra Pradesh is concerned. Under section 494, IPC, "whoever, having a husband or wife living, contracts a marriage during the life of the former husband or wife, is void…" and therefore the same is also an offence punishable with imprisonment up to 7 years or fine or both. Article 254 of the Constitution reads as under:-, "254 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the, (1) If any provision of a law made by the Legislature of a State is repugnant to any provision of a law made by Parliament which, Parliament is competent to enact, or to any Reportable, provision of an existing law with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the, provisions of clause (2), the law made by Parliament, whether passed before or after the law made by the Legislature of such State, or, as the case may be, the existing law, shall prevail and the law made by the Legislature of the State shall, to the extent of, (2) Where a law made by the Legislature of. Further, the powers under Article 136 can be exercised by the Supreme Court, in favour of a party even suo motu when the Court is satisfied that compelling grounds for its exercise exist. It is just a label given to demand of money in relation to marital relationship. 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