One of three sea nymphs, -- or, according to some writers, of two, -- said to frequent an island near the coast of Italy, and to sing with such sweetness that they lured mariners to destruction. SATURDAY: 4:00 [5:40] a. m.-Steamer Florida, of Lloyd-Italian Line, rams the White Star liner Republic two hundred miles from New York in a dense fog. 9:45 a. m.-First wireless message from La Lorraine received on the Republic. Dangerous shipwreck SS Richard Montgomery lying 1.5 miles north of Sheerness in Kent looked especially eerie this evening in a thick sea mist (August 15). Ultimately, however, the Republic's bulkheads did not hold. Republic Medal Named to A.Baird - Silver, obverse illustrating the crippled S.S. Republic with a large gash on her port side, seven lightning bolts above the ship representing the Marconi distress signal sent by the ship, inscribed "C.Q.D The Republic is again seen by the Baltic. Offers of assistance rejected.]. Watertight compartments closed on injured ships. The Florida and the New York start for harbor together. City of Everett departs for New York. With a lifetime of 38 years, the ship was the last of the Oceanic class to be scrapped. (Class. She lost all power, motive, electrical, and steam. "To the Sirens first shalt thou come, who bewitch all men..." --Homer, "Fair Nymph, if fame or honour were To be attain'd with ease ... " Ulysses and the Siren (poem) --Samuel Daniel, "O cursed lust for gold, To what dost thou not drive the hearts of men?" The SS Republic® was a Civil War-era sidewheel steamship that sank during a hurricane in October 1865 while en route from New York to New Orleans with a cargo meant to help rebuild the city after the Civil War.. distress marconigram to Siasconset, Mass., and all steamships within a radius of three hundred miles. Republic drawing 40 feet aft.]. La Lorraine hears submarine bell of the Republic. Within minutes of the collision, the Republic's Marconiman sent the "CQD" ("CQ" = "[Attention] All Stations," "D" = "Distress"), the predecessor to today's "SOS" distress signal, over the airwaves to the world at large. The Baltic locates the Republic by submarine bell and discovers her in fog near the Florida. At the time of Republic's loss, the newspapers had raised serious questions regarding a ship's speed under adverse conditions, bulkhead construction, wireless telegraphy (monitoring, effectiveness and proximity of rescue vessels), and adequacy of lifeboats and lifesaving equipment. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. It was carrying approximately $400,000 worth of U.S. gold and silver which sank with the ship on October 25, 1865. In the early morning hours of January 23rd, 1909, in a dense fog, she collided with the in-bound immigrant ship SS Florida. Numismatic Conservation Services and Numismatic Guaranty Corporation were awarded the exclusive contract for conserving and grading the thousands of SS Republic coins recovered from the 1865 shipwreck site. No doubt, Theodore Roosevelt, President, would have known. SS Roma Passenger Lists. 3A Guide to Sunken Ships in American Waters, Coast Guard Commander Adrian L. Lonsdale and H. R Kaplan, Compass Publications Inc., Arlington, VA, 1964, discussing Republic's cargo. She lost all power, motive, electrical, and steam. At nearly 16,000 tons, Republic was the largest ship to be lost to the sea, at that point in A synthesis of all available information enabled Captain Bayerle to develop a new theory, the "Third Theory"TM, the Tsar's gold, that supports the existence of the Republic's legendary treasure. The ship was originally built in Belfast, Ireland for the International Mercantile Marine's Dominion Line (a sister company to the White Star Line) and was named ''Columbus''. 4:05 [5:45] a. m.-The Florida and the Republic separate in the fog. Could it be that the Republic does indeed carry a cargo that may be worth today as much as five billion dollars1, a cargo if its loss had been revealed at the time would have caused public panic in the world financial markets and jeopardized the very existence of the Government of the Tsar of Russia - and placed the world into war? But why was the official inquiry never held? The Florida and the Republic separate in the fog. The revenue cutter Gresham makes fast to bow of the Republic, while the Furnessia makes fast to her stern. Records indicate that the ship … The next day, while under tow back to New York, she sank in deep and shark-infested waters 50 miles south of Nantucket Island - beyond the grasp of that era's technology to recover. Photo taken from Baltic. He has devoted the past 25 years to the study and research of events surrounding her loss. La Lorraine steams on toward New York, searching for the Florida. In the early morning hours of January 23rd, 1909, in a dense fog, she collided with the in-bound immigrant ship SS Florida. [Republic casts off from White Star Line's Pier 48.] Our staff is devoted to providing our clients with professional advice and high quality U.S. Rare Coins, rare world coins, and ancient coins. A CQD distress call was issued on the new Marconi radio device, the first recorded, resulting in the saving of around 1200 lives. On the fifth day of her voyage, a hurricane off the coast of Georgia proved too strong for the ship. All Digitized Passenger Lists For the SS Roma Available at the GG Archives. The Royal Mail Ship REPUBLIC sank after collision off Nantucket On the morning of January 23, 1909 the RMS REPUBLIC had left New York harbor and was bound for the Mediterranean with 742 vacationing passengers and crew. When the sidewheel steamer SS Republicleft New York in October of 1865, she was carrying 62 passengers and a cargo of $400,000 (1865 face value) in gold and silver coins. A salvage team has, apparently located the SS Republic, which was lost off the coast of Georgia on October 25, 1865; it was heading to New Orleans, to help with Reconstruction plans, and on board was about 20,000 $20 coins, that are now estimated to be worth $180Million. The Florida struck the Republic almost a square blow port side abaft midships, at the Republic's engine room, knocking out her engines, boilers and dynamos. The ship’s boilers were shut down upon collision in order to avoid possible explosions. The Republic's passengers were transferred twice, first to the less damaged Florida, then to the called-to-the-rescue White Star liner Baltic. The Baltic abandons the Republic and steams for New York. Republic located by City of Everett. The loss of 1,500 lives on Titanic was the cost of inaction, a crime of omission. La Veloce re-obtained the ship in 1909, and it was scrapped in Genoa the following year. Our company's motto, from Virgil - Audentes Fortuna Juvat. On 23/1/1909 she collided with the Italian liner "Florida" near Nantucket and sank the following day with the loss of four lives. The Republic sinks. Operator J. R. Binns transmits 'C. The New York (left) and Lucania passed by. RMS Republic was a steam-powered ocean liner built in 1903 by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, and lost at sea in a collision in 1909 while sailing for the White Star Line. Get the best deals on Ss Republic Shipwreck when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. The Cowle sank in three minutes, taking 14 of her 24-man crew with her. RMS Republic foi um navio de passageiros britânico construído em 1903 pelos estaleiros da Harland and Wolff em Belfast, e naufragou após uma colisão em 1909 enquanto navegava para a White Star Line.O navio foi equipado com um novo transmissor de telegrafia sem fio Marconi e emitiu uma chamada de socorro CQD, resultando na sobrevivência de 1.500 pessoas. Messages are received by the White Start liner Baltic, the French liner La Lorraine, the Cunard liner Lucania, the United States torpedo boat Cushing and the revenue cutters Gresham, Acushnet, Seneca, and Mohawk. Steamer Florida, of Lloyd-Italian Line, rams the White Star liner Republic two hundred miles from New York in a dense fog. It is decided to transfer passengers of the Republic and the Florida to the Baltic. No less than seven ships, including several major liners, responded. Captain Ranson of the Baltic sends marconigram to White Star offices at Bowling Green, announcing safe removal of passengers and intention to find the Republic. All baggage and other cargos were lost. The American WWII Liberty Ship sank on August 20, 1944 after running aground on a sandbank. The Republic's passengers are transferred by small boats to the Florida. 1. The Furnessia goes in search of the Republic, leaving the Florida. Listing Includes Date Voyage Began, Steamship Line, Vessel, Passenger Class and Route. The revenue cutter Acushnet called to the assistance of the coasting steamer Nantucket, aground near Newport. List of shipwrecks: 12 July 1909 Ship Country Description John B. Cowle United States The 420 feet (130 m), 4,731 GRT Cowle was laden with 7,023 tons of iron ore loaded at Two Harbors, Minnesota and bound for Cleveland, Ohio, when she was rammed in dense fog by Isaac M. Scott. The Baltic may have offloaded sacks of mail from the Republic. In the early morning hours of January 23rd, 1909, in a dense fog, she collided with the in-bound immigrant ship SS Florida. This was the first practical demonstration of this "new" technology's ability to aid victims of disasters at sea - and this "miracle" captured the world's attention. Certainly these questions would have been addressed in the official inquiry concerning the Republic's loss - if one had been held. She lost all power, motive, electrical, and steam. La Lorraine encourages the Republic's passengers by message saying she is only twenty miles distant. Information from a great number of offices and repositories were examined in the course of this research. North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Anchor liner Furnessia comes to near the Florida. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for SS CENTRAL AMERICA SSCA RARE SHIPWRECK RECOVERED 1.5 GRAM PINCH OF GOLD DUST at the best online prices at eBay! 6 talking about this. Assistance offered but refused.]. CERTIFYING AND GRADING OF FAMED SS Republic COINS BY NGC. LOG OF THE WRECK: FRIDAY [January 22, 1909] 3 p. m: The Republic leaves New York Harbor. After two voyages with Dominion, she was sold to White Star and renamed ''Republic'' (the White Star's original SS Republic of 1872 had been s… Captain Sealby informs White Star officials by wireless that the Republic has foundered, all hands saved. Florida in background (right). MVSHQ, Inc. 7 Park Avenue #94, New York, NY 10016 Voice, FAX: 877-820-1221, Page last modified: 03/07/2009 20:56:17 Copyright ©2000, 2001 MVSHQ, Inc. | Privacy Policy Statement. The archaeological reports T he Nature Of Encrustation on Coins from the Wreck of the Republic (2013) and T he SS Republic Excavation Project: The Coin Collection (2009) both provide more details about the collection. ], MVSHQ, Inc. 7 Park Avenue #94, New York, NY 10016 Voice, FAX: 877-820-1221, Page last modified: 03/07/2009 20:56:17 Copyright ©2000, 2001 MVSHQ, Inc. | Privacy Policy Statement. This wa… By evening, her hull wa… RMS Republic was a steam-powered ocean liner built in 1903 by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, and lost at sea in a collision six years later while sailing for the White Star Line. The Florida struck the Republic almost a square blow port side abaft midships, at the Republic's engine room, knocking out her engines, boilers and dynamos. These gold and silver SS Republic coins were brought to the surface by Odyssey Marine Exploration Inc. of Tampa, Florida. A famed White Star liner, Republic, set sail three years before the Titanic. 4 Syren, Siren \Si"ren\, n. [L., fr. The Mohawk, on way to aid the Republic, runs ashore an Tilmer's Island. The ripples from her loss generated the greatest legend in lost-treasure lore, the loss of wealth beyond most men's wildest dreams. The Gresham and the Furnessia begin to tow the Republic. And Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Acting Secretary of the Navy, would have known. The matter of "gold engagements" (the manner in which gold was secured and shipped in that day) is analyzed in great depth and documents from the U.S., Great Britain, France, Russia, Spain and Switzerland have been examined for their relevance. F. (Compare with the 1956 Andrea Doria - Stockholm collision HERE, at the very same location), N. Y. Tribune, January 26, 09, 2:2 [MGB's corrected times and additions. She was headed for New Orleans where the money would be used to help pay for the reconstruction of the South after the Civil War. The SS Republic, a Royal Mail Ship (qualified to carry both the British and U.S. mails, hence her "RMS Republic" designation), one of the largest and most luxurious passenger liners of her era, flagship of the White Star Line steamship company's Boston-European Service and one of that line's most prized vessels, departed New York at 3 p.m., Friday, January 22, 1909, outbound to Mediterranean ports. Others in power at the time would have known as well. Martin Bayerle, a former scuba dive shop owner from Martha’s Vineyard, spearheaded the search that located the wreck of Republic in 1981, and has extensively researched the supposed fortune that sank with the ship. Features [edit | edit source] Republic shared many characteristics with those of the first liner in the Oceanic series, Oceanic, constructed in 1870. Like Titanic, she met a similar fate at the bottom of the ocean. “Due to dense fog on January 23, 1909, the Italian steamship, Florida, rammed the Republic on her port side. The Republic's cargos, however, did not fare as well as her passengers. The revenue cutters Seneca and Gresham get under way for Gay Head, Martha's Vineyard with Captain Sealby and volunteer crew. The ship was originally built in Belfast, Ireland for the International Mercantile Marine's Dominion Line (a … The Florida reappears to the Republic's passengers. The SS Republic was a Civil War-era sidewheel steamship that sank in 1865 while carrying a large cargo of silver and gold coins and a stunning variety of everyday wares essential to life in mid-19th century America. The required legal inquiry concerning Republic's loss was never held. Winston Churchill, then President of the British Board of Trade, the agency responsible for conducting the Inquiry, would have known. The New York comes alongside the Republic. The Republic took a full thirty-nine hours to sink. 2Sources are identified throughout the Report. What the contents of her hold contains is still a mystery! And there was also no power to operate her winches, and no time; passengers always came first. Sailing in a dense fog, the Italian liner SS Florida struck the Republic broadside, yet managed to stay afloat and save all but four of the passengers and crew before the White Star liner sank. Q. D.'. That lack of public scrutiny of the events surrounding her loss directly precipitated White Star Line's 1912 Titanic disaster. Free shipping for many products! The Republic's passengers were transferred to other vessels primarily out of concern for their comfort (from the heatless, lightless Republic), with some concern for their safety (the "unsinkable" Republic's water-tight bulkheads were under a severe test, and, because she could not maneuver, with the fog, she might be hit by yet another vessel in the busy shipping lane). --Virgil. Nothing was listed on the ship’s manifest. In addition, an exhaustive search of all newspaper, company and public records has been completed in order to facilitate a book and film documenting the story of the Republic. Gr. This double-transfer open-sea rescue maneuver remains the largest on record. The treasure was found in the wreck of the S.S. Republic, which sank during a hurricane off the coast of Georgia in 1865. List of shipwrecks: 5 January 1909 Ship Country Description Anglo-African United Kingdom The 4,186 GRT steamer on a passage from Tocopilla for Baltimore with a cargo of 7,000 tons of nitrates ran aground around 21:30 in thick weather five miles (8.0 km) south of Cape Henry.Attempts were made to move the vessel, and salvage tugs were employed but unsuccessfully. Over 51,000 U.S. gold and silver coins were recovered from the wreck site, as well as over 14,000 artifacts - a fascinating assortment of 19th century goods in use during the Civil War years. Legend is what is written or spoken when the truth is too dangerous to tell. First wireless message from La Lorraine received on the Republic. Official News and Updates for the hunt for the fabled gold on the sunken luxury liner known as the Millionaires Ship Captain Martin Bayerle located the Republic in 1981. The Florida struck the Republic almost a square blow port side abaft midships, at the Republic's engine room, knocking out her engines, boilers and dynamos. Three years before Titanic, on January 24, 1909, another palatial and "unsinkable" White Star Line passenger liner sank 50 miles off the coast of Nantucket. Coins from the Republic are available for purchase through Monaco Rare Coins. The ship sank with 1,400 tons of munitions onboard and is in all probability the UK's most dangerous shipwreck. A 1909 C.Q.D SS. The RMS Republic sank in the most treacherous part of the North Atlantic, a heavily trafficked shipping lane, in 270 feet of shark infested water. sir[`e]ne.] However, she did have some secondary battery power for the use of her just-recently installed wireless telegraph. Known as the "Millionaires' Ship" because of the number of wealthy Americans who traveled by her, she was described as a "palatial liner" and was the flagship of White Star Line's Boston service. 1The valuation is based primarily on the presumed Gold Eagle cargo, the condition and mintage of the individual coins and their successful marketing. The ship was equipped with a new Marconi wireless telegraphy transmitter, and issued a CQDdistress call, resulting in the saving of around 1,500 lives. ], Gresham stands by Republic. Captain Sealby and volunteer crew rescued from the sea by small boat from the Gresham. A very conservative estimate would indicate a value today of somewhere between $700 and $900 million, if the cargos exist, and if they can be located within the ship and successfully/economically recovered. Sections in the Report include background, research, newspaper information, theories, export-import studies, verification and miscellaneous tables and graphs. The SS Republic, originally named the SS Tennessee when it was built in 1853, was lost in a hurricane off the Georgia coast just 12 years later. Six persons (3 Republic passengers and 3 Florida crew members) were killed as a direct result of the collision, but over 1,500 passengers and crew were rescued. See: The Baltic asks La Lorraine to follow the Florida. After all, there was no need to remove cargo from an "unsinkable" ship. ??? A partial listing of these would include2: National Archives - New York, Bayonne, Philadelphia, Washington DC                                                                                                 Public Records Office - Surrey, England                                                                                                 French National Archives - Paris                                                                                                 U.S. Customs Office - Port of New York                                                                                                 Board of Trade Investigation - England                                                                                                 Citibank [formerly National City Bank] - New York                                                                                                 Goldman, Sachs & Co. - New York                                                                                                 State Department - Washington, DC                                                                                                 Department of Justice - Washington, DC                                                                                                 Office of Naval Intelligence - Washington, DC                                                                                                 Bank of England - London (4/2002). In many ways, the tragedy of the Republic ironically gave the shipping industry, and White Star in particular, a false sense of security. Myth.) Two passengers were crushed to death immediately. Irrepressible rumors from that date and which continue to this day - forming the greatest legend in lost-treasure lore - suggest that, in addition to a $265,000 US Navy Payroll (consigned to the U.S. Navy Atlantic Fleet at Gibraltar, 1909 value, worth today perhaps fifty to seventy million dollas), thousands of dollars in relief monies destined to aid the survivors of an earthquake in Italy, a several hundred thousand dollar consignment of silver ingots and the hundreds of thousands of dollars of personal jewelry and other valuables of her wealthy passengers (all 1909 values), she also carried to the bottom of the sea a politically sensitive and secret shipment of gold that had been consigned to the Czar of Russia: a $3,000,000 (1909 face-value) five-ton shipment of mint condition American Gold Eagle coins. : cf. Shop Rare Coins the rare coin specialists in unique rare gold coins, rare silver coins, and rare ancient coins to buy and sell. Bonsor, vol.2, p. 763. Stern hawsers are carried away and both ships lie to. It was the world's first "breaking-news" "live" mass-media event. Well Known Shipwreck Coins You may have heard of the historic S.S. Republic steamer that sank to the bottom of the ocean in 1865 loaded with a treasure trove of rare U.S. coins. RMS Republic was a steam-powered ocean liner built in 1903 by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, and lost at sea in a collision in 1909 while sailing for the White Star Line. She was the largest, most technologically advanced vessel to sink in history to her day; she was succeeded in that ignominious role only by the loss of another virtually unsinkable White Star Liner, Titanic, which was to sink just three years later. FOOTNOTES Transfer of passengers from both injured steamers to the Baltic is completed. His efforts are now compiled in this confidential Report. For the first time in maritime history, a wireless was used to summon aid. 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