Basic Description. Nyssa sylvatica . Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, … Zone: 3 to 9. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Pyrus fauriei Korean Sun™ ('Westwood') Korean Sun™ Pear. It is strongly tap-rooted, making it difficult to transplant, and relatively slow growing, although that can be accelerated with adequate fertility and moisture. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Excellent ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in … Bloom Description: Greenish white. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, … Special Usage. Specimen tree where its sweeping branches and scarlet fall color can be appreciated. sylvatica. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Black tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Native Range Border Related Maps. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … NATIVE RANGE. Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Summary. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. Black gum grows on moist, poorly drained sites in east Texas. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. Tupelo. Zone: 3 Height: 10-15 m Spread: 9-10 m Colour: White Size Available ... An excellent ornamental shade tree with brilliant fall colour and suitable for a wide range of locations, including typically wetter areas. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Also grows well in moist woodland gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots subject to periodic flooding or in boggy areas. Prefers moist, acidic soils. Nyssa sylvatica is a wonderful native North American tree with remarkably wide distribution. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. In the garden, sour gum can grow in a wide range of soils from dry to periodically wet, as long as the soils are acidic. Map Legend. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Wooded areas, usually sandy, moist to dry. Height: 30 to 50 feet. Nyssa sylvatica 30’ / “” 30 750-. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Britton, N.L., and A. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. No serious insect or disease problems. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. Great for urban and naturalized settings alike. Occasional periods of dry soil. Native to Ontario: Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. Black gum is one of our most beautiful trees in the fall, and also one of the most consistent. Nyssa sylvatica. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. Black Tupelo is a very refined native when properly placed. In the north, it's also know as the beetlebung tree, because its wood was used for barrel bungs (like corks to keep in the liquid, usually whale oil). It is local in central and southern Mexico. The range of Nyssa sylvatica is extensive, from Ontario and New England, south through the eastern United States, veering west to Texas and even into upland areas of central Mexico. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it … Consistently moist, well-drained soil. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Sun: … Nyssa sylvatica ... Natural Range in Florida. Moderate. Blackgum is a medium-sized, flowering, deciduous tree, which offers many benefits for wildlife. Native Range: Eastern North America. Bloom Time: May to June. Companion plants: Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of … It is primarily dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically host a few "perfect" flowers. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. Spectacular scarlet fall color. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Nyssa is the word for a Greek water nymph, indicating its preference for a damp site, while sylvatica refers to its normal woodland habitat. ... Join Donate. Britton, N.L., and A. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. While sour gum is a slow growing tree, it is worth including this stunning specimen in the garden. Height: 30 to 50 feet. [2] The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. One of the best trees for honey nectar. A dogged performer, it can handle a wide range of growing conditions. Nyssa sylvatica. Brown. The foliage, glossy in the summer, exhibits spectacular yellows, oranges, or reds in the autumn. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Under this classification scheme, the variety sylvatica is the form most often found in the nursery trade. Zone: 3 to 9. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. USDA Zones. Native Plants Sour Gum. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; not showy, light green in color, in clusters hanging from slender stalks, … Basic Description. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. ... Join Donate. Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. Grows best in a slightly acidic soil. Special Usage. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Nyssa sylvatica. 4 Photos. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner and scale. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Brown. Native habitat: Dry hills or wet flatlands of the eastern U.S.; a Kentucky native. Native to Ontario and part of North America. White, inconspicuous flowers bloom May-June. Moisture Tolerance. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The first Nyssa species described was a swamp-growing type. Blackgum offers an excellent nectar source for bees. Tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. 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